Tuesday, 18 October 2016

Malaria, HIV Leading Causes of Death in Nigeria

In 2015, 192,284 Nigerians were reported to have died of malaria which was regarded as the leading killer of both young and old. The second and third top causes of death were diarrheal diseases and HIV/AIDS, killing 143,689 and 131,873, respectively.

But the conditions that kill are not typically those that make people sick in Nigeria. In 2015, the top three non fatal causes of health loss were iron-deficiency anemia, low back pain, and major depression.

These were the data revealed by a new Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) recently.

The report was released at an event co-sponsored by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), an independent global health research center at the University of Washington in Seattle, The Lancet, and the World Bank.

According to the new scientific analysis of more than 300 diseases and injuries in 195 countries, Nigerians are living longer lives than they were 25 years ago, However, such progress is threatened by increasing numbers of people suffering from serious health challenges related to childhood wasting, unsafe water sources, and unsafe sex.

“Despite the limitations of the data sources that formed the basis of these estimates in Nigeria, as with many developing countries, the analytical techniques and the key findings are sufficiently robust,” said Dr. Bolajoko Olusanya, Executive Director at the Centre for Healthy Start Initiative and a GBD collaborator.

“This should inspire optimism if appropriate and timely interventions are put in place by the government and its developmental partners to accelerate health progress and the well-being of Nigerians,” he said.


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